Drafting of Moot Court Memorial and Framing of Arguments

The memorial is the most critical component of any moot court competition. It reflects the depth of your research, the strength of your arguments, and the overall quality of your advocacy skills. Drafting a compelling memorial while also framing solid legal arguments is no easy feat. It requires diligence, attention to detail, creativity, and immense practice. This blog post breaks down the vital aspects of drafting exceptional memorials and framing winning arguments to help you moot with utmost confidence.

Also Read: 12 Steps to Win any Moot Court

Perform Extensive Research in Parallel with Drafting

Research and drafting for a moot court go hand-in-hand. You cannot draft arguments in isolation without backing them up with substantive research. At the same time, you cannot endlessly research without using those findings to build your arguments. Hence, researching and drafting become an integrated parallel process.

How to draft a Well Structured Argument?

Refer to the IRAC method to develop well-structured arguments:

I – Issue/s to be Addressed

R – Supporting Research

A – Legal Analysis of Research

C – Conclusion/s Derived

The research component would include:

  • Relevant Legal Provisions: Cover all relevant sections from the primary legislation along with connected subordinate legislations.
  • Judicial Precedents: Find at least one precedent that supports your arguments on a particular issue. Analyze the factual matrix and legal reasoning behind the order/judgment.
  • Supplementary Materials: Include commentaries, law commission reports, journal articles etc. to strengthen your arguments.
  • Factual Evidence: Use the facts provided in the moot problem to back your application of legal provisions to the specific case.

Ensure your research materials align with and reinforce the arguments. Any superfluous information will only obscure the length. Hence, stay focused on the relevance and quality of research rather than the quantity. Review one source at a time instead of tackling multiple materials together.

Craft “Killer” Arguments

Merely researching without applying those learnings to build arguments will not win you the moot. The distinguishing factor is how ingeniously you frame your legal contentions. Your arguments must display exemplary legal acumen to demolish the opposition. The hallmarks of crafting “killer arguments” include:

  • Fortifying Your Case Theory: Structure arguments that ardently promote your client’s case theory across diverse factual considerations. Address the main issues from every dimension.
  • Defending Against Opponent’s Case Theory: Anticipate potential arguments the opposite side may present and make counter-arguments to eliminate their case theory’s effectiveness. Think from both sides of the matter.
  • Eliminating Loopholes: Assess your own arguments objectively from the opponent’s shoes to identify gaps that can get exploited. Accordingly, fortify your arguments and eliminate every minor loophole.
  • Grounding in Facts and Laws: Avoid making bald assertions in your arguments. Substantiate every contention with factual evidence from the moot problem and legal backing from research materials.
  • Attacking Opponent’s Assumptions: Sharpen arguments that challenge the underpinning assumptions and perceived weaknesses in opponent’s case theory to deliver a fatal blow.

Winning Rebuttals

The rebuttal/sur-rebuttal round provides the last window to demolish the other side’s case theory. Prepare winning rebuttals beforehand by:

  • Finding Legal Loopholes: Scan their application of legal provisions to spot inaccuracies you can capitalize on.
  • Challenging Factual Exactitudes: Refute their interpretation of facts from the moot problem to create doubt.
  • Targeting Vulnerabilities: Determine the weakest points of their arguments and direct your rebuttals to discredit those links.
  • Undercutting Legal Reasoning: Critically analyze how they reasoned through various issues to expose faulty derivations.

A compelling rebuttal that decisively breaks down the opponent’s arguments can clinch you the win. Hence, invest significantly in crafting impactful sur-rebuttals.

Cite Judiciously

With memorials often stretching over dozens of pages containing extracts from various secondary sources, diligent referencing and citation become imperative. Plagiarism can attract grave penalties. Follow these citation best practices:

  • Use Citation Tools: Platforms like Zotero, Mendeley, and Monica help quickly generate citations and bibliographies in accurate formats. They enhance efficiency and minimize errors.
  • Cite Ideas: Place citations whenever presenting a contention, data, reasoning, etc. inspired from an external source, even when not quoting verbatim. This sufficiently credits ideas to avoid plagiarism allegations.
  • Follow Style Guidelines: Stick to the style mandated for citations and footnotes as per competition guidelines, whether Harvard Bluebook, ILI, OSCOLA or any other. Observe consistency.
  • Identify Verbatim Texts: When quoting word-to-word, place the extract in quotation marks, italicize it, and adjust the spacing to differentiate.

In toto, cite judiciously by acknowledging borrowed ideas/words with citations positioned optimally to disrupt the reading flow minimally.

Structure Preliminary Pages

The starting pages preceding the arguments set the first impression about your memorial’s structuring, quality and depth of research. Spend time perfecting the following components:

  • Cover Page: Contains team details, party represented and case title aesthetically presented. Adhere to specifications on font, spacing, margins etc.
  • Table of Contents: List section headings, sub-headings and page numbers in a neat tabular format for quick navigation to arguments.
  • Index of Authorities: Compile all referenced authorities like case laws, statutes, books, websites etc. alphabetically.
  • List of Cases: Separately list cases cited also in alphabetical order along with citation particulars.
  • Statement of Jurisdiction: Specify the basis of conferring jurisdiction to hear the dispute, like writ petitioner under Article 32 or 226 etc.
  • Summary of Arguments: Provide a tight recap of the case theory and key arguments advanced, within the prescribed word limit.
  • Arguments Advanced: Write detailed issue-wise arguments under this head with proper IRAC Content and citations.
  • Prayer: Prepare the ideal reliefs and directions sought by your side after concluding arguments.

These sections demonstrate your attention to detail, research depth and aids user-friendly access to the arguments. Hence, perfect them.

Proofread & Refine Iteratively

Typos, formatting defects, ambiguous content or stunted analysis can severely undermine all your other efforts. Allocate time for iterative rounds of proofreading and refinement focusing on:

  • Logical Progression: Assess if arguments follow in cogent chains applying IRAC consistently.
  • Grammar and Syntax: Scan for errors in sentence formation, punctuation misuse, syntax accuracy.
  • Citation Perfection: Verify citation formats, precise positioning and linkages with verbatim quotes.
  • Formatting Consistency: Review document aesthetics like spacing, indentations, headings format etc. comply with guidelines.

Additionally, run the draft through plagiarism tools, peer reviews and seek feedback from coaches. Thereafter, use the inputs to bolster research and sharpen arguments until you have a polished set of compelling arguments encased in an impeccably formatted memorial.


Drafting arguments and memorials is central to putting up a winning performance. Follow a structured approach sticking to the IRAC format while extracting the most pertinent research materials to build solid arguments. Craft forceful, loophole-free arguments addressing issues multidimensionally to advance your case theory firmly. Frame pre-emptive rebuttals and conclude memorials sharply. Finally, intensify the memorial’s strength through rigorous refinement and proofreading cycles for optimal impact. Adopting these strategies will undoubtedly perfect your memorial drafting proficiencies to help you moot with utmost confidence and success!

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